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Guide on Geographical Segmentation for Logistics Services

The economic system has seen transitions in recent times on local, regional, and global scales, especially with the growing demand for freight flow. These transitions, along with being quantitative, are operational and structural, as well, due to the large amounts of freight that is in circulation.

The operational changes in the system tend to address freight transportation with respect to the phenomenon of geographical segmentation. Here, structural changes cater to manufacturing systems, as per the segmentation in production geography.

Geographical Segmentation of Freight Distribution

The field of logistics is divided into geographical segments that are explained by using the terms, “flows,” “nodes,” and “networks,” in the domain of supply chain management. The phenomenon of space-time convergence is taking up a new shape in the domain of geographical segmentation.

This is a concept that allowed the logistics companies to operate under the idea that time was the amount of space that could be swapped with a specific time period, including transshipment and travel. In the present-day transition pertaining to this phenomenon, activities like distribution that were earlier not a part of the concept are being integrated.

This is being done to imply an organizational structure, where synchronization of logistics flow happens through nodes and network strategies.


The classical model of goods flowing through an organizational structure includes the storage function, where the processing of raw materials to manufacturers is done. The phenomenon has been termed “buffer.” The goods flow has proceeded with the help of wholesalers and shippers, who would transport the goods to the retailer and even to the customer at times.

The major issue with this system was delayed, resulting in the inventories being stuck at the warehouses and storage units. The supply chain had little or no access to the information from the customer’s end. This is a suggestion that the producers were not fully informed with the delays and storage of their output.

With the new system of geographical segmentation in freight flows, this trend is being eliminated by the introduction of the Reverse Flow Method, in which recycling and product return are conducted.

Nodes and Locations

There have been various new advancements in the field of corporate sector and logistics. As such, there have been changes in the system of storage and distribution of freight. Storage locations have been divided on the basis of region and distance.

As a result, they are also growing in size to accommodate the growing rate of freight. Instead of holding the freight in one area, it is distributed all over via geographical segmentation by forming nodes and locations.


The transportation network included in the whole process is also experiencing transitions. The goal is to accommodate the changes in the logistics operations in a supply chain. The modern transportation network operates at multiple levels.

The result of this is the formation of a three-tier distribution system that includes regional, national, and international shipping centers. Such networks need time to make an error-free network, in which the distribution center can be linked to a store or customer without a loophole.

New Advancements

With the help of segmentation on a geographical basis, logistics operations have seen a smooth road. Because of this, its functions have run in an excellent manner. The only requirement is the integration of the supply chain. The reason for this is the importance of the smoothness of operations.

It is important that geographical separation does not cause friction between the managerial and physical operations of the system.


With the help of the phenomenon of geographical separation, logistics operations have experienced a positive transition. This has made storage and shipping processes easier than ever before.

The production line knows where and how much of its inventory exists before they produce more of the same line, saving them in time and energy. The process also allows quick and effective logistics operations, leading to satisfied clients and customers.

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Guide on Geographical Segmentation for Logistics Services
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